Helping Build a Better Afghanistan

Activities

PRB in Brief

During the last decades PRB has been involved in the following disciplines: Agriculture & crop husbandry, horticulture , animal health & livestock production, rural engineering income generation, micro- finance and women development activity. The strategy for implementation of programs is based on active participation of the community in program planning and execution. The strategy aims at promoting the individual project sustainability. Nevertheless, the primary objective is the promotion of local community to find solutions for its own problems.

Agriculture

PRB agriculture activities include rehabilitation of agriculture and its products in Afghanistan. The trial and distribution of improved wheat seed, maize, rice and vegetable seed are the first priority of agriculture activity. PRB has provided hundreds of farmers with improved varieties of wheat and vegetable seed over the past years. The seeds were either produced in PRB frames or provided by FAO, ICARDA and other agencies. PRB also runs a series of demonstration plots in both fruit and forestry nurseries. PRB has produced different fruits saplings and distributed to farmers at prices lower than market. Considering the environment enhancement as a critical issue in the country. PRB established a forestry nursery and distributed to private and government sectors free of charge. PRB is planning to carry out a variety of training activities in areas of seed handling, nursery management, handling and planting of trees, soil and water conservation, and conservation education. Also plans for development of cash crop such as cotton, sugar beat, saffron and soybean is on hand. Meanwhile drip irrigation will be taken into consideration for development of kitchen gardening in urban and semi-urban areas. PRB has applied drip irrigation system in Chardi district of Kabul. Another area in which PRB is going to be engaged is hydroponic farming and pest control for pomegranates, melon, grapes and cotton.

 

 

Animal Health & Livestock production:

PRB is one of the few specialized agencies in animal health and livestock production in Afghanistan. Its specialized staff has made a remarkable contribution in the rehabilitation and production of livestock and animal husbandry in Afghanistan. The program is consisting of two sections (a) veterinary (b) livestock production.

(a). Veterinary
In the veterinary services PRB has made a incredible contribution in the twenty years of its service to the nation. In the 90s the activities were carried out from four regions of North Mazar (Balkh , Smangan, Juzjan, Sripul and Faryab). Northeast Taloqan ( Baghlan, Kunduz, Takhar and Badkhshan) Central Kabul ( Parwan and Kapisa and Southeast Khost ( Paktia, Pakitka and Khost). However, from 2001 till now the activities are limited in the three province of Baghlan, Takhar and Kunduz. The VFU (veterinary Field Unit) in each district of the province is housed in suitable building either built or rented. All the VFUs are staffed with technical personnel: DVM (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine), Asst DVM, Paravet and BVWs. The activities carried out by these VFUs are Vaccination, Treatment and De-worming.

(b). Livestock production
In the pre-war era livestock products were the major components of Afghanistan export. It is one of the main sources of revenue of the rural area of the country. As a vital component of Afghan economy, livestock production is one of the major programs of PRB. On the basis of strategic work plan of PRB (1997-99) and 2000 -2004. the following activities are undertaken.
(b1) Kabul Milk Scheme

The Kabul Milk scheme was established by PRB in late 1998 in Kabul. The project was developed in sustainability level. However, the ministry of agriculture and animal health showed the desire to run the program, therefore in early 2003 the project was handed-over to the said ministry

(b-2). Livestock Extension Program
The farmers of Afghanistan have limited knowledge about the technical aspect of livestock raising and need extensive training and awareness. PRB has launched several extension programs for the small as well as large livestock owners. The training includes new techniques of animal husbandry, feed preparation, marketing of the products and hygiene. Similarly, distribution of cattle, milking sheep and goats along with necessary training was also executed by PRB.

(b-3). Bee Keeping
PRB is one of the leading agencies in apiculture activities in Afghanistan, and the program has been continued since early 1998. The bee keeping activities consisted of training, procurement of boxes and development. PRB provides bee colonies to the trained targeted framers on credit basis. A large number of beekeeping framer families have benefited from the program. Similarly in 1998-99 beekeepers cooperative was established in the districts Chardi, Charasib of Kabul in order to share the knowledge and income between the framers. Also a number of programs were established in different districts of Bghlan province.
(b-4). Sericulture Program
Silk production and handicraft were practiced in north and western provinces of Afghanistan for centuries. The war and conflict made big blow up in the silk production and handicraft due to cutting of mulberry trees for feeding of silkworm and unavailability of the improper seed of worm and cocoon. PRB on the basis of its strategic work-plan to enhance the revitalization of the silk production and handicraft in 2000 the districts Chardi and Charasib were selected as its areas of activities. Number of selected women were trained in the silk production and cocoons rising provided by PRB experts. PRB also established mulberry nursery in Kabul to produce feed for the silkworms.

(b-5). Poultry
In poultry production due to several constraints PRB has not succeeded to establish a poultry production center in its area of activities. Nevertheless a number of chicken distribution and training projects were successfully executed by PRB in Kabul and Baghlan provinces . The chicken were mostly procured either from Jalalabad or Peshawar, Pakistan

 

 

 

Relief & Humanitarian Assistance:

PRB has actively participated in relief operation of both man-made and natural disaster.
* The natural disaster includes drought earthquake, flood and avalanches.
*The man-made disaster destruction due to fighting and land mines. This section is responsible for management and implementation of PRB relief activity
In January 1995 a Subsidized Bread Sales Program was initiated by WFP in Kabul city which later on extended to Kabul province and the surrounding provinces of Wardak, Logar and Ghazni. Over 133 bakeries were involved in the program which were distributing baked bread for a subsidized rate to over 225,000 beneficiaries including the disabled, widows, vulnerable and the poor. PRB has been responsible for monitoring of this program.

In late 1998, PRB participated in rehabilitation of shelter in earthquake affected area of Share Buzurg, Badakhshan and Rustaq of Takhar provinces. Similarly in 2000 -2001 PRB implemented a number of projects in drought-stricken areas in northern provinces Balkh (Districts: Kohi Alburs, Zari, Imam Sahib and Sakhi camp), Faryab (Districts: Mimana, Pushtoon Zarghoon, Andkhoi and Khoja Namusa) and Badakhshan (Districts: Faizabad, Jurm and Bahark). The projects were in the form of distribution of food for work & distribution of improved wheat and fertilize, digging of wells, rehabilitation of canals, road reconstruction and shelter construction.

In the 2009-2010 when drought badly hit most parts of Badkhshan province, the donor agency OXFAM GB selected districts Yawan and Argo of Bakhshan province as most drought-stricken areas for project. PRB with the funding of OXFAM GB after conducting a comprehensive survey of the both the districts and implemented a project with the components including: wheat seed distribution to the farmers, construction of water supply schemes , construction toilets, reconstruction of village based road and hygiene
Now-a-days another vital project with the funding of OXFAMGB is under execution by PRB in district of Faizabad (Jawzgo valley) and Argo of Badkhsan province. The district is badly hit by the persistent drought and inhabitants are in desperate need of food, drinking water, improved seed and fertilizer

 

 

INCOME GENERTING AND EMPOWERMENT PROGRAM:

Handicraft and small-scale industries: In pre -war era handicraft has been practiced in most parts of Afghanistan. Each geographical areas of Afghanistan had its own traditional handicrafts. PRB has selected some of the vital handicrafts, which were practiced in its area of activities and enhancing the livelihood of the target community. The main handicrafts in PRB income generation programs are: Carpet Weaving, Tailoring, Flower Making, Jewelry, Leather Work, Knitting work, Patu Weaving (man weaving cloth) and Embroideries.

(a). Carpet Weaving: Carpet weaving had been practiced between Turkhaman, Uzbek and other communities in the provinces of northern and western Afghanistan. During the war era and due to displacement and migration from these areas to other provinces of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. The industry has became popular and practiced in Pakistan and other parts of Afghanistan. Being a profitable business and one of the options for enhancing the livelihood and eliminating the poverty, PRB has contributed in the industry by training and distributing of looms, raw materials and other accessories needed for the carpet weaving among the women in its areas of activities. In late 2002-2003 PRB started a carpet weaving training aimed to improve the living condition of the community and encourage asset rising among housewives in Kabul and Andkhoi ( Faryab). The carpet weaving project in Kabul was completed in early 2004, while the Andkhoi project was continued till early 2010. From the four districts of Andkhoi in the tenure of eight years training PRB successfully trained a number of women in carpet weaving and also equipped the trained women with the required tools, equipment, materials of carpet weaving.
(b). Patu Weaving: Patu is a long woven cloth used in the cold season by both male and female. The handicraft has been practiced in south, east and central parts of Afghanistan. The handicraft is one of the sources of livelihood in the areas which it is practiced. PRB selected Dehmiskin in Parwan as its target area for this handicraft. A good number of women were trained and now-a-days thier earnings are satisfactory..
(c). Embroidery:The handicraft has been practiced in different parts of Afghanistan, each parts of the country has its own styles, designs and artistic skills. The silk handcharchief of Herat is very famous and attractive inside the country and aboard, Similarly the shirt needle works of Kandahar, women dress of south style and various type of clothes, Shawals, woman scarf, table cloths and caps of north are very attractive and famous. Since the handicraft generates income for the women therefore, the training and revival of the business has been selected one of the income generating activities for women in PRB target areas. Various types of embroideries were undertaken by PRB in its different areas such Istalif, Klakan in Shamali in districts 5,6,7 in Kabul..
(d). Tailoring:In the tailoring activities PRB trained a number of vulnerable women and widows in different parts of the country. Due to prevailing situation in Afghanistan the training was conducted home-based so far. In order to procure better access for the women, PRB established tailoring centers in different areas of its activities such as Chelstoon, Char Qala and Khoshal Khan of Kabul city.

(e). Leather Work:Leather work is a traditional handicraft practiced mostly in Kabul, Parwan and northern province of Afghanistan. PRB established centers for leather work activity in districts 5,6. and 7. In these centers a number of women were trained.
(f). Jewelry The handicraft is one the most profitable businesses in Afghanistan. Thus PRB included this activity in training centers in districts 5,6 and 7 anf score of women were trained
(g). Flower Making: Flowering making is a fancy handicraft and very popular among women and youngsters. PRB included the handicraft in the training centers in districts 5,6, and 7 .

 

 

Rural and Urban Engineering/Construction:

This discipline was one of the most important branches in the organization. Numerous vital projects were identified and participated by the communities. The branch consist the following sections: - reconnaissance survey, detail survey, design & cost estimation, feasibility study, construction. supervision and monitoring & evaluation. The engineering department is still active but implements only those projects funded by donors and approved by ministry of economy. Also the construction projects implemented by the communities are facilitated by PRB engineering teams.
a. Road and infrastructures:
PRB, since its early inception reconstructed number roads and their related structures in the provinces of Khost, Paktia, Logar, Kapisa, Badakhshan, Takhar, Balkh Jawzjan. and Kunduz The roads are either connected district to the district, districts to the provincial capital or villages to the district center. PRB staff had received training in road construction from reputed international firms for long and short term training program..
b. Bridges:
PRB is engaged in construction/reconstruction of bridges in a number of provinces. The types of the bridges constructed were wooden, concerte, arch type from bricks/ stone masonry and suspension. These bridges were mainly to connect villages to the district center. They are mostly pedestrian or small vehicle bridges.
c. Irrigation Structure:
PRB strategy was from very outset to increases the agricultural production through rehabilitation and improvement of irrigation structure i.e. siphons, retaining walls, intakes/ diversion structures, flood protection walls, culvert, flumes, aqueducts, turnouts, tunnels, drop wash and etc. Scores of these structures have been constructed in different parts of the country during past years.
d. Safe Drinking Water & Sanitation:
Safe drinking water is very precious and there is a great need for availability of safe drinking water in most part of the country. Due to scarcity of safe drinking water there is a lot of water born diseases among the inhabitants, which is recorded in the media. PRB has executed a number of activities in this sector, the activities include: net works of water supply, shallow and semi deep wells, rehabilitation of spring and water tunnels. In sanitation PRB has worked in sanitation system of urban as well as rural areas.
e. Buildings:
PRB construct/ reconstructed public utilities buildings such as schools, hospitals, BHCs (basic health center) CHCs (comprehensive health center), veterinary clinics, hospitals, different types of schools, ware houses, government offices, shelter for disaster affected people. PRB has the capacity to construct all types of buildings in advance technology.
f. Consultancy and engineering services:
PRB being one of the sound technical organizations in Afghanistan provides the following services to organizations, companies and government departments upon their requests. -Survey, feasibility study, cost estimation and design of the projects. - Provision of engineers on contract basis. -Engineering supervision & inspection. -Technical training and transfer of know-how.

Community Development :

Securing sustainable livelihood/ empowerment of Afghan society through community development is PRB approach in its three year and five year strategic plans. In line with the three years work plan (1997-1999) number of PRAs (participatory rural appraisal) are conducted in PRB target districts in Badakhshan and Kabul respectively.
PRB long term approach is to establish VBOs (village based organization) in the target areas indicated in PRB five years strategic plan. The aim of the approaches is to establish a sustainable village system. All the development requirement of the villages such as education, health, agriculture, livestock, water supply, income generation & enterprises, infrastructure, irrigation and other necessary components will be included in the integrated development program of each village. For the time being in Kabul 13 VBOs (village based organizations) were established in districts Chardhi, Charasib and Paghman through these VBOs. A number of activities: income generation.